The official name of the country is the Republic of Tunisia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1967 3 Vols. Carthage was a Phoenician city-state on the coast of North Africa (the site of modern-day Tunis) which, prior the conflict with Rome known as the Punic Wars (264-146 BCE), was the largest, most affluent, and powerful political entity in the Mediterranean.The city was originally known as Kart-hadasht (new city) to distinguish it from the older Phoenician city of Utica nearby. The official language is Arabic. 1881 - French troops occupy Tunis. Modern History of the Arab Countries. a year before the British conquest of Egypt. Tunisia was the first Arab country to be made a colony during the period of imperialism. The Arab Spring was a series of pro-democracy uprisings that enveloped several largely Muslim countries, including Tunisia, Morocco, Syria, Libya, Egypt and Tunisia was the birthplace of the Arab Spring protests, which in 2011 ousted longtime President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. Tunisia is a country in North Africa. The ‘Spark’ That Started it All " الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام = The people want to bring down the regime " Tunisia's “Jasmine Revolution” is the first popular uprising to topple an established government in the Middle East and North Africa since the Iranian revolution of 1979; it’s also the spark that ignited and inspired other Revolutions in the region. Geography: Officially known as the Republic of Tunisia (Al Jamhuriyah at-Tunisiyah in Arabic), Tunisia lies at the top of the African continent, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea along its northern and easternmost sides. Flamenco dance history. Franz Rosenthal, Bollingen Series XLIII. Comprising 40,000 square kilometers of pristine desert, Tunisia's section of the Grand Erg Oriental is a wonderland of sweeping dunes and hidden oases. Tunisia History, Language and Culture History of Tunisia. 1600s - Tunisia becomes part of the Turkish Ottoman empire, but has a high degree of autonomy. Fischel, Walter J., Ibn Khaldun in Egypt: His public functions and his historical research (1382-1406) A study in Islamic Historiography, University of California Press, Berkeley 1967. Duvignaud, Jean. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Grand Erg Oriental. To discover the history behind Sidi Bou Said's unique architecture, visit the Neo-Moorish home of Baron Rodolphe d'Erlanger. Vladimir Borisovich Lutsky 1969. It was seized by France in 1881, i.e. Background. CHAPTER XXI The Seizure of Tunisia by French Imperialism Italy’S Claims. The State and Social Transformation in Tunisia and Libya, 1830–1980, 1986. Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah, An Introduction to History, Tr. Flamenco dance, as one-third of the quintessential Spanish phenomenon of flamenco, has an extensive historical background that parallels the cultural development of Spain itself. Change at Shebika: Report from a North African Village, 1970. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Tunisia was estimated to be 11,444,409 people. Tunisia History & Background, Constitutional & Legal Foundations, Educational System—overview, Preprimary & Primary Education, Secondary Education B ASIC D ATA To point out the stomping feet and fiery passion is merely brushing the surface of flamenco dance. Like much of North Africa, Tunisia's history is one littered with conquests that completely changed the country's path. History & Background. One hundred thirty-seven kilometers southwest of Sicily, Tunisia is two hours by air from Paris or Geneva and only 45 minutes by air from Rome.